The Gyroelongated Pentagonal Cupola
The gyroelongated pentagonal cupola is the 24th Johnson solid (J24). It has 25 vertices, 55 edges, and 32 faces (25 equilateral triangles, 5 squares, 1 pentagon, and 1 octagon).
The gyroelongated pentagonal cupola can be constructed by attaching a decagonal antiprism to a pentagonal cupola (J5), thereby lengthening it. The gyro in the name refers to how the bottom decagonal face is gyrated with respect to the decagonal face of the constituent pentagonal cupola.
Adding another cupola on the other side of the antiprism results in the gyroelongated pentagonal bicupola (J46). Adding a pentagonal rotunda instead produces the gyroelongated pentagonal cupolarotunda (J47).
Here are some views of the gyroelongated pentagonal cupola from various angles:
Side view, with many coincident edges.
9° side view, with rectangular image of antiprism.
The Cartesian coordinates of the gyroelongated pentagonal cupola with edge length 2 are:
- (0, √((10+2√5)/5), 2√((3−φ)/5) + H)
- (±φ, √((5−√5)/10), 2√((3−φ)/5) + H)
- (±1, −√((5+2√5)/5), 2√((3−φ)/5) + H)
- (±2φ, 0, H)
- (±1, ±√(3+4φ), H)
- (±φ2, ±√(2+φ), H)
- (0, ±2φ, −H)
- (±√(3+4φ), ±1, −H)
- (±√(2+φ), ±φ2, −H)
where φ = (1+√5)/2 is the Golden Ratio, approximately 1.61803, and H = √(√(11φ+7)−2φ−1), approximately 0.862397.